Clusters act as a motor of development, helping to unlock development potential, boost local and national economies, create jobs and attract new investors. Thanks to the clear benefits generated by cluster initiatives, their numbers have grown rapidly in recent years, and they have become an important development tool for both national and regional government bodies. Some countries have incorporated cluster policy into their national development strategies, while others apply more regionally-based development models.
The European Commission offers a range of programmes supporting research, development and innovation. If these processes are to be effective, they must involve the business sector from the very outset. To achieve this goal, the EU has launched several new initiatives helping national and regional governments to support clusters and harness the synergic potential of cooperation between the private sector, public bodies and research institutions.
Cluster policy can be divided into three levels:
1) National cluster policy:
2) European cluster policy:
- Smart Guide to Cluster Policy
- EU cluster policy
- European innovation policy 2020
- European cluster observatory
- European cluster collaboration platform
- European iniciative for cluster excellence
3) Global cluster policy